Featured Products & Services
The Facility Executive Featured Products & Services section serves as a comprehensive resource for facility product and service buyers. This directory includes those manufacturers and service providers who recognize the importance of this audience and tailor their products and services accordingly to this market. Providers who would like to be included in this guide should fill out this form or contact Peter Lenahan at 732-559-1260.
THE CHAMBERLAIN GROUP, INC.
Whether it’s a commercial door operator, gate access system, or telephone entry system, LiftMaster provides total access control solutions, all from the nation’s largest and most experienced dealer network.
Regain Key-Control with CyberLock
CyberLock is designed to operate in a wire-free environment and can quickly increase security, accountability, and key control. Simply replace the cylinder in each of your mechanical locks with a CyberLock electronic cylinder—no wiring required. CyberLock electronic locks and keys provide accountability by auditing openings and unauthorized entry attempts. Click here to learn more.
EasyLobby, an HID Global business, automates the entire process of registering a visitor and printing professional badges. Know who’s in your buildings and why. Capture detailed visitor information in seconds without typing, create watch lists, allow employees to pre-register guests, and integrate with your access control system. Free online demo. Click here for more.
ACOUSTICAL SOLUTIONS, INC.
Since 1989 Acoustical Solutions, Inc. has provided the detailed expertise needed to serve the soundproofing and noise control community. Acoustical Solutions, Inc. works with a wide variety of customers from commercial and residential development to worship facilities, recording studios, schools, and home theater designers.
Bird-B-Gone Bird Net 2000™
Bird Net 2000™ is a heavy duty polyethylene bird net that blocks birds from unwanted areas. Made from a U.V. stabilized mesh. Available in various stock sizes, colors and custom cuts. Industry leading guarantee – 10 years! CALL 866-303-3253 to choose the right net size for the pest bird. Click here to learn more.
Bird-X is the leading brand of humane pest and bird control solutions worldwide. Established in 1964, Bird-X manufactures a complete line of bird control products – ranging from electronic devices, to sonic and ultrasonic repellers, bird spikes and netting, visual scares, and more – each product repels pests naturally, providing long-term results.
No Fly Zone – Bird Control & Exclusion Specialists
No Fly Zone has provided industry-leading bird exclusion services and techniques to properties in need for over 20 years. We offer a range of humane bird control products and services that help remedy any avian problems you may be experiencing. We undertake each project with a site-specific plan that maximizes the effectiveness of the offered options. Click here to learn more.
What if your buildings could think for themselves and communicate with you? Self-diagnose, self-correct and self-direct? While this may sound like a far-fetched concept from the future, it’s already here – a reality that began when Johnson Controls introduced the Panoptix(R) solution. Isn’t it time your buildings stepped into the future? For more information, visit www.johnsoncontrols.com.
Get the dirt on longer lasting carpet.
Carpets of Antron® fiber can have up to 65% better soil resistance than carpets of leading competitive nylon.* Learn how you can be Getting It Right In Its First Life™ at antronfirstlife.net.
* Results based on testing of carpets of comparable construction, style and color.
Make Your Bathroom Look Brand New!
Grout-Aide markers and applicators cover grout stains, making your tile floor look brand new! Change the color of your grout with designer colors to give a new look to your bathrooms, kitchen, hallway and lobby. Non-toxic and odorless, surfaces safe for children and pets. Water resistant. Click here to learn more.
CMMS (Computerized Maintenance Management Systems)
SPARTAN CHEMICAL COMPANY, INC.
An international manufacturer of brand name chemical specialty and industrial maintenance products that support sustainability: Green Solutions®; BioRenewables®, Clothesline FreshTM laundry; Consume® Nature’s Way formulas; SparCleanTM warewash products; Food Service and Processing Chemicals; floor care products; disinfectants/sanitizers; industrial cleaners/degreasers; restroom cleaners, hand cleaners, deodorants, and chemical management systems.
Innovative… Design. Quality. Function. Service.
DBCI is a leader in designing and manufacturing commercial-grade steel curtain roll-up doors and self-storage solutions. DBCI maintains its success by focusing on the key components of business: quality, product development, and service. Click here to learn more.
Kenwood ProTalk® For Facility Communications
The Kenwood ProTalk® TK-3300U4P/16P ProTalk® is the radio of choice for facility managers and is simple to use and durable, with Kenwood best-in-sound as a standard feature. Choose four or 16 channels in these UHF portables for affordable, air-time free communications backed by a two-year warranty. Click here to learn more.
Change Orders: Reduce Their Impact With a Streamlined Approach
Sponsored by Today’s Facility Manager and The Gordian Group, this recorded webinar focuses on the challenges of change orders and best practices to control the risks associated with change orders. Click here to learn more.
CONSTRUCTION LADDERS & LIFTS
JLG INDUSTRIES, INC.
The LiftPod is the first-of-its-kind personal and portable lift available in the United States, and combines the portability of a ladder with the stability of a work platform. With an enclosed platform and 14-foot working height, the LiftPod provides greater stability than ladders and allows workers to move hands-free within the basket, helping to increase safety. The platform contains a work tray to carry tools and materials, increasing productivity and quality of work.
The LiftPod is easily portable between sites in a pickup truck or SUV and around the work site on wheels. Each module of the LiftPod weighs about 50 pounds for simple disassembly and transfer, with a total weight of only 155 pounds. The LiftPod can be carried and moved by one person, and assembled in less than 30 seconds. To learn more about the JLG LiftPod, please visit www.liftpod.com or contact 877-2-LIFTPOD (877-254-3876).
JLG Industries, Inc.
1 JLG Drive
McConnellsburg, PA 17233-9533
CL3100 Series Vandal Resistant Lever Lock
Corbin Russwin’s CL3100 Series is the ideal solution for the toughest environments within education and healthcare facilities. With unique, patented T-Zone lock construction where the lockbody and latch tube interlock in the critical twist area, the CL3100 will last the lifetime of a facility. Tested to over 15 million cycles and over 3000 inch lbs. of torque, the vandal resistant lock provides strength and durability that easily exceeds ANSI/BHMA Grade 1 requirements for torque and cycle testing. And, because few components are required when changing the lock function, the design simplifies facility maintenance and lowers the cost of ownership.
Available in 18 functions with 12 hardware finishes including an anti-microbial coating to supplement cleaning protocols for healthier environments, the CL3100 Series integrates into most existing facility’s key systems and retrofits most standard 161 cylindrical lock door preps.
In addition, the CL3100 Series contributes to your sustainability effort with less lock replacements due to its long life and high post-consumer recycled content.
Flexible, strong, and durable – this lock can take whatever you give it.
CORBIN RUSSWIN, an ASSA ALBOY group company located in Berlin, CT has been the premier manufacturer of architectural hardware providing exceptional security and design solutions for institutions for over 160 years. The company’s wide range of products includes access control and life safety solutions, locksets, exit devices, door closers, key systems and more.
225 Episcopal Road
Berlin, CT 06037
80 Series Exit Device with Lock/Unlock Indicator
Ideal for use in educational facilities on wood or metal doors, the 80 Series rim exit device offers an easy way to lock the outside trim from the inside without opening the door and putting people in harm’s way, providing the best combination of durability, simplicity, strength, aesthetics and innovation.
The Lock/Unlock Indicator option (49-) provides a visual means of determining if a door has been secured by the cylinder on the inside of the room. Available on new or existing devices with a double cylinder function, the visual display eases concerns about knowing if doors are locked because the indicator reminds the occupants. The indicator is located on the exit device chassis displaying a red icon when the device is locked and a white icon when the device is unsecure. The indicator is housed in the chassis cover with no protruding parts and a clear window to protect it from wear and abuse so the indicator cannot be forced or bent or interfere with the function of the device.
SARGENT Manufacturing, founded in the early 1800s, designs and manufactures high-quality innovative door hardware for commercial and institutional facilities. Now an ASSA ABLOY Group brand and market leader in cylindrical and mortise locksets, key systems, door closers, exit devices, decorative hardware and integrated access control products, SARGENT continues to lead our industry in new product introductions and innovations to existing products.
100 Sargent Drive
New Haven, CT 06511
AEGIS® (Electro Static Technology)
Variable frequency drives (VFDs or inverters) control motor speed or torque, matching changing loads while saving energy. But they induce shaft voltages that discharge through bearings, destroying them and shortening motor life. AEGIS® Shaft Grounding Rings channel harmful VFD-induced shaft currents safely to ground, eliminating unplanned motor failures and ensuring the reliability of critical building systems. They qualify as sustainable technology under the Federal Energy Management Program.
Maximize Efficiencies and Minimize Costs. That’s just part of the plan for any well-run facility. We’re here to help with a wide variety of energy efficiency and rebate programs. From customized solutions to equipment efficiency, you can choose from a variety of options. Visit ResponsibleByNature.com/Business to learn more.
ENERGY – GREEN ENERGY
Cozy Products offers energy-efficient personal heaters that save money, conserve energy, prevent circuit overloads and reduce fire risk. These safe personal heaters cost just pennies a day to run. Cozy low-wattage space heaters are ideal for home or the workplace. Replace old space heaters with Cozy heaters and start saving.
ENERGY – LOAD MANAGEMENT
CONTROLLED POWER COMPANY
U.S. manufacturer of electrical power quality solutions including UL 924 listed centralized emergency lighting inverters and UL 1778 listed UPS products. Applications include commercial and educational facilities, arenas/gymnasiums, parking structures, and other public venues where life safety is imperative.
StruxureWare for Data Centers
With Schneider Electric StruxureWare™ for Data Centers software suite, you can monitor where your energy goes (and potentially is wasted) throughout your data center – from facilities to your IT room. You can turn this energy insight into energy-related OpEx savings, as well as both enterprise and environmental sustainability. Click here for more.
WattNode® Electric Power Meters — Now with a Revenue-Grade Option
The WattNode Revenue meters are fully tested and compliant to ANSI C12.1, and considered to be the most economical energy consumption/production meters on the market. The WattNode Mobus has been certified to ANSI C12.1 accuracy by Met Labs, a nationally recognized testing laboratory, and listed as PBI eligible by Go Solar California. Click here to learn more.
P&G Professional is the Away-From-Home division of Procter & Gamble (P&G) providing key business decision makers with superior products and solutions designed to help their businesses thrive and make “every experience count.”
Customer Contact Center: 1-800-332-7787
STAPLES FACILITY SOLUTIONS
Through Staples Facility Solutions, Staples Advantage, the business-to-business division of Staples, Inc., is one of America’s largest providers of facilities solutions and services. Helping businesses of all sizes to maximize their savings, Staples Facility Solutions serves as a one source solution, offering an extensive selection of products and services, including environmentally preferable solutions.
Staples Facility Solutions
500 Staples Dr.
Framingham, MA 01702
BlazeMaster. #1 Fire Sprinkler Solution
You can’t afford second best where safety is concerned. Nothing beats a BlazeMaster fire sprinkler system for reliability, ease of installation, cost effectiveness or overall safety performance. BlazeMaster systems come with a national network of fire protection specialists to provide assistance, as well as installation and sales training. Click here to learn more.
Safe Passage Through Every Opening
Create a “zone of safety” in your door openings! Health care environments can be difficult to navigate, especially when a wheelchair or walker are required. NORTON SafeZone senses movement in the opening and holds the door open, offering safe passage. Get in the zone! Click here to learn more.
TrueInsight Remote Service is an Internet-based software platform that brings remote diagnostics to the fire alarm industry for the first time. TrueInsight provides an electronic window into the operation of a facility’s entire Simplex fire alarm system, 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Click here to learn more.
Forbo Flooring Systems, the world leader in linoleum floor coverings, introduces the new Marmoleum Global 3 collection, meeting the needs of architects, designers, and facility managers looking for stylish floor covering solutions that are ecologically sound and economically advantageous. Click here to learn more.
Explore remanufactured and innovative furniture solutions by exchanging your existing old and dated furnishings for a totally new work environment. Davies Office has been in business since 1948 and is a certified Woman Owned/ESOP company. Click here to learn more.
CORT delivers economic value through a wide range of flexible short and long term space solutions that get businesses up and running quickly. We offer services as diverse and varied as furniture rental, sound masking, space planning, and relocation services. CORT is a Berkshire Hathaway Company. Visit CORT.com.
HVAC & IAQ
AERCO offers commercial boilers and water heaters that simplify infrastructure, reduce project costs and minimize lifecycle expenses. Founded in 1949, AERCO originated tankless water heating, introduced the first modulating and condensing gas-fired unit for the commercial market and helped pioneer the high-efficiency boiler category.
Fujitsu’s Airstage VR-II Heat Recovery System
Fujitsu’s Airstage VR-II is a heat recovery system that allows for simultaneous heating and cooling operation. Energy efficiency doubles when the system provides 50% cooling and 50% heating at the same time. Airstage VRF provides an efficient heating and cooling solution for your entire building, using advanced controls and simple building management integration. Click here to learn more.
Contractors, homeowners, and building owners have made Honeywell the world’s number one thermostat choice for many reasons. For you, the reliability, application flexibility, and installation ease shine through. For your customers, the ease of use, precision accuracy, and attractive design all help make Honeywell the most trusted name in thermostats. Click here for more.
Magnetrol Model TA2 For Mass Flow Measurement
Measuring air and gas flow rates is an integral part of increasing efficiencies and saving valuable resources. Whether it is for monitoring air to fuel ratios to combustion sources, gas emissions reporting, or simply compressed air systems, the Magnetrol Model TA2 is the answer to your measurement needs. Click here to learn more.
Long-lasting reliability and lower energy costs.
Keep your HVAC systems from running too hard—retrofit with Siemens. With a wide range of body sizes our valves are designed for easy installation and compatibility with existing parts. Count on them to get to work right away to make an immediate impact on energy efficiency and building comfort; and to help preserve the life of pumps and other equipment. Click here for more.
TRANE RENTAL SERVICE
Trane Rental Services is a leader in providing controlled temporary environments. With a comprehensive array of rental diesel power and HVAC equipment stocked near major metropolitan cities, we can get a system delivered, installed, and operating—FAST! Trane Rental Services are available 24×7.
LIGHTING PRODUCTS & CONTROLS
Award-Winning CAST LED Perimeter Light
Winner of six industry awards – this durable, inexpensive, energy-efficient light attaches to chain link fences for perimeter lighting. It saves up to 90% in material, labor, and energy costs. Ideal for any facility with a long perimeter fence. Click here to learn more.
EATON’S COOPER LIGHTING BUSINESS
Eaton’s Cooper Lighting business delivers a range of innovative and reliable indoor and outdoor lighting solutions, as well as controls products specifically designed to maximize performance, energy efficiency and cost savings. As lighting technologies have advanced over the years, the company has been at the forefront of the industry in helping businesses and communities leverage the latest technologies to improve efficiency, reduce costs and enrich the quality of the environment. In 2009, the company opened a 60,000 sq. ft. Innovation Center, home to the research, design, validation and manufacturing of proprietary LED and other advanced lighting technologies. Innovation you can rely on™.
The new generation of high performance LED lighting solutions by Ephesus outshines all other conventional and LED manufacturers alike. An Ephesus lighting solution costs less to buy, install, run and maintain than anything else on the market. If you want a lighting solution that’s light-years ahead of the rest, the answer is Ephesus. Click here to learn more.
Forest Lighting manufactures high performance, affordable LED lamps and luminaires for the commercial, industrial, education, retail, and parking markets. Featured products include T8 and T5 LED linear lamps, including a unique design which allows lamps to be connected up to 20 feet. With inventory in Atlanta and Houston, Forest Lighting offers customers quick shipment for both retrofit and new construction projects. Backed by a global leader in sustainable LED manufacturing, Forest Lighting products save energy and reduce maintenance costs.
Industrial Lighting Solutions from GE
With long operating hours, expansive space, and expensive maintenance, it’s easy to see how industrial lighting costs can pile up. GE offers a range of cost-effective, energy-efficient solutions for any industrial application, including the award-winning Albeo™ LED high-bay Luminaire for spaces 20′ and up. Click here to learn more.
MOD (MEESE ORBITRON DUNNE CO.)
Shatterproof, weatherproof polyethylene globes protect your lamps and eliminate risk from dangerous glass globes. For retrofit and new installations, indoors and outdoors. Nine sizes in threaded, flush fit and neck with lip plus new colors. Click here to learn more.
RAB LIGHTING, INC.
RAB Lighting, located in Northvale, New Jersey is a leading manufacturer of Sustainable Outdoor Lighting Fixtures, using LED, HID, CFL and Motion Sensing technology. Founded in 1946, RAB sells Professional Grade lighting nationwide, through a broad network of Electrical Distributors.
REVOLUTION LIGHTING TECHNOLOGIES (RVLT)
LED tube lights are energy saving direct replacements for fluorescent T8s. Available in lengths of 2′ to 6′ with a frosted or clear lens, these lights require no ballast, contain no mercury, feature an aluminum heat sink, and last 50,000+ hours.
1795 N. Lapeer Rd.
Oxford, MI 48371
New Solatube SkyVault M74 DS
The Solatube SkyVault M74 DS is the first phase in a trailblazing new line of daylighting products intended specifically for high bay, high-volume environments. Our largest tubular daylighting device ever, it features a 29 inch (74 cm) diameter tube that is nearly twice the aperture of our SolaMaster Series products. As a result, it maximizes light output and minimizes the number of roof penetrations required. Click here to learn more.
A-Line LED Retrofit Bulb
LED technology offers reduced energy and maintenance costs when compared with conventional light sources. Consuming only 8 watts and lasting 33 times longer, SYLVANIA’S LED A19 retrofit lamps are high quality replacements for 40 watt incandescent lamps. Click here to learn more.
PPG SPEEDHIDE® ZERO INTERIOR ZERO VOC LATEX PAINT
Speedhide Zero is a professional line of zero VOC* interior latex paints that allows you to meet green specifications, provides outstanding durability, ease of application, and good hide and coverage. Meets LEED® VOC, complies with MPI, GREENGUARD® Environmental Institute, and the Collaborative for High Performing Schools (CHPS) Low-Emitting Materials criteria.
*Colorants added to this product may contain VOCs
Sherwin-Williams ProDiscounts™ Savings Program
With ProDiscounts, painting professionals can take advantage of simplified pricing and everyday discounts including 15% off list price on painting supplies and 20% off list price on case lot quantities on over 150 popular items. Contact your store or representative for details today and let the savings begin. Click here to learn more.
DTZ, a UGL Company
Transforming the world of property services DTZ, a UGL company, provides world class, end-to-end property solutions that are tailored to each client’s needs. Click here to learn more.
RESTROOMS & PLUMBING
Headquartered in Menomonee Falls, WI, Bradley Corp. is a leading manufacturer of commercial plumbing fixtures and washroom accessories. Bradley’s Advocate® AV-Series Lavatory System enables users to complete the entire hand-washing process – soap, rinse and dry – without touching a fixture. The touchless product incorporates sustainability features that conserve water, reduce energy use and eliminate paper towel waste.
Bringing A New Look to Commercial Restrooms
The 3500 Series brings Chicago Faucets quality and a new, modern look to any public restroom. The 3500 Metering Faucet is easy to install, easy to operate, and easy on the budget. It is offered with a choice of metering or manual operation. Available with a self-closing mechanism and adjustable cartridge, the 3500 Series provides precise water flow and shuts off automatically; reducing water use and energy costs. Click here to learn more.
XLERATOR®: Finally… a FAST Hand Dryer!
Excel Dryer is proud to announce a breakthrough in hand drying technology. The XLERATOR hand dryers deliver 3 times faster hand drying power. A user’s hands will be thoroughly dry in only 10 to 15 seconds. Click here to learn more.
Georgia-Pacific Professional Helps Enhance Style and Hygiene
Georgia-Pacific Professional has added a brushed stainless design to the family of enMotion™ automated touchless soap and sanitizer dispensers. When paired with the enMotion® foam soap and sanitizer products, the fast response, no-touch dispensing system helps minimize cross-contamination risks. For more information on enMotion products, please visit www.gppro.com/enmotion. Click here to learn more.
New KIMBERLY-CLARK PROFESSIONAL* paper towel and bathroom tissue products now contain alternative fibers such as Bamboo or Wheat Straw. To learn more, visit www.kcprofessional.com.
M•DURA™ Manual Flush Valves from Moen Commercial
Moen Commercial’s M·Dura™ heavy-duty manual flush valves provide unmatched reliability, less maintenance, minimal repairs, significant water savings and can operate with pressure as low as 15 PSI (pounds per square inch). Click here to learn more.
SCA’s finest collection of Tork® hand towels
Your restroom makes an impression that reflects on your entire business. That’s why SCA enhanced its collection of Tork premium hand towels – our softest, highest performing products are the ideal choice when your customers expect only the best. Visit www.talktork.com for a free trial of Tork towels.
SLOAN VALVE COMPANY
Sloan Valve Company is the leading manufacturer of water- and energy-efficient plumbing systems, including flushometers that use as little as a pint of water, High-Efficiency Toilet and Urinal fixtures, 0.5-gpm sensor-activated faucets, Waterfree Urinals, and solid-surface lavatories.
Zurn Repair Kits Save Time & Money
Zurn Quarter-Turn Ceramic Disc Faucet Cartridges & Thermoplastic Elastomer Flush Valve Diaphragm Kits are a robust solution to multiple manufacturers’ manual faucets and flush valves. An effective, retrofit answer to repairing and maintaining existing products in the field, choose longer-lasting Zurn repair kits and reduce facility operating costs. Click here to learn more.
DURO-LAST ROOFING, INC.
Extremely durable and easily installed without disruption to daily operations, the Duro-Last roofing system is also leak proof, energy efficient, resistant to high winds, and virtually maintenance free.
Metal Roof Re-roofing Solutions
Sub-framing systems for retrofitting over existing metal roofs without removal. Our systems nest over virtually any existing metal roof profile providing a low-profile new roof assembly. Stringently tested to comply with current building codes for wind and snow loading. Over 60 million square feet of successfully completed projects installed. Click here for more.
Make Every Step a Safe One
Prevent slips and falls plus renovate old worn steps with Wooster Products Stairmaster or Flexmaster treads. Treads are easy to install with the included countersunk holes and fasteners. Reduce your exposure to compensation and medical cost from slip and fall accidents with Wooster anti-slip treads. Click here to learn more.
2/90 SIGN SYSTEMS
For over 30 years, 2/90 Sign Systems has been a leading manufacturer of architectural signage. We are the partner of choice to many prestigious corporate, healthcare, educational, hospitality, and federal government facilities. 2/90 offers a system approach to interior and exterior facility signage providing sustainability and ease of maintenance along with design, wayfinding, and installation services.
Since 1966, APCO has been a leader in the sign industry, with a network of offices throughout the world. We remain committed to meeting the needs of an ever evolving marketplace with innovative sign solutions and unmatched dedication to service.
Panasonic Brings Solar Projects to Light.
Panasonic is aware of the void in equity financing and a truly comprehensive solution for solar PV projects up to 20 MW. That’s why Panasonic and Coronal Management have joined forces to bring solar PV projects to fruition through their combined expertise in development, financing, engineering, construction, operations, and maintenance. Click here to learn more.
SUSTAINABLE SOLUTIONS & TECHNOLOGIES
The Bulb Eater® 3 with Intelli Technology – Air Cycle
The Bulb Eater® 3 with Intelli Technology crushes spent linear, u-tube, and CFL lamps into 100% recyclable material, while capturing over 99.99% of the mercury vapors released. Save up to 50% on recycling costs, reduce labor related costs, and free up required storage space! View Demo Here! Call: 800-909-9709. Click here to learn more.
Defensible Independent Guidance
Phigenics provides independent expert guidance to healthcare, hospitality, education, food & beverage, retail and government facilities to defensibly ensure water systems are safe, protect capital assets, and reduce operational expense. Phigenics does not sell water treatment chemicals. To learn more go to www.phigenics.com and www.smartwaterleadership.com. Click here to learn more.
VaporShield® Lamp Recycling Containers
Tired of complicated bags and boxes? VaporShield® is a specially treated box that contains the release of mercury vapor, should contents break. This container replaces the box and bag system, speeding the loading process. It’s easy to safely load, store, and ship lamps for recycling. Call: 888.640.6700. Click here to learn more.
WINDOWS & SKYLIGHTS
EXTECH’s Truly Industrial Windows/Skylights Are Tough
Very few companies make truly industrial windows. Meet one that does. EXTECH’s industrial windows and skylights are high strength, maintenance free and available in fixed or operable styles. Our top-hinged design can even be left open during normal rainfall. Glaze with glass, or, for added durability and insulation, cellular polycarbonate. Click here to learn more.
Audio/Video is Integrated Into Cabling Pathways
Legrand/Wiremold offers products that integrate audio/video connectivity directly into perimeter raceways, floor boxes, poke-thru devices, architectural columns, infloor ducts, worksurface modules, and in-wall products. These A/V-ready solutions provide the space, capacity, and bend radius to install devices without adding a separate pathway. Click here to learn more.