The roof of the Museum of Westward Expansion located beneath the iconic Gateway Arch on the St. Louis Riverfront was recently restored and waterproofed as part of a multi-phase project to expand and renovate the underground museum, plus renovate the grounds surrounding the Arch. The project was spearheaded by non-profit organization CityArchRiver Foundation, and the roof restoration and waterproofing was completed by Western Specialty Contractors – St. Louis Branch
Work on the 100,000-square-foot existing museum roof started by removing 16-18 inches of sod and sandy soil, 10-28 inches of Elastizell engineered fill, and the existing waterproof membrane down to the structure deck using a bulldozer and air scrapers. Once the roof was exposed, Western crews went to work identifying and repairing leaks in the existing museum lid that had been present for many years, as the existing waterproofing had exceeded its lifespan. Several methods were used to evaluate the condition of the concrete roof, which included a chain-drag sounding survey for the structural concrete deck, along with visually identifying delamination and cracks.
Crews then installed a 2-ply Laurenco modified bitumen sheet waterproofing covered with WR Meadows PC2 protection board. An electronic leak detection system followed by a permanent leak detection grid system were installed over the protection board. Crews then installed a layer of 1-1/2 60 psi Dow extruded polystyrene with an additional layer of WR Meadows PC2 protection board and a J-Drain 780 drainage mat.
The next phase of the project involved waterproofing the 42,000-square-foot horizontal lid and 37,000-square-foot vertical walls of the museum addition. Western’s scope of work included installing 2-ply Laurenco modified bitumen sheet waterproofing covered with WR Meadows PC2 protection board, and installing an electronic leak detection system, along with two layers of 1-1/2 60 psi Dow extruded polystyrene. A layer of 1.5″ 60 psi Dow extruded polystyrene was installed on the vertical walls and a J-Drain 780 drainage mat on both the horizontal and vertical walls.
Additional waterproofing of the north and south museum entrances (approximately 13,800 square feet), which included approximately 5,000 square feet of deck around each Arch leg, was also completed.
The museum was largely operational during construction and a lot of the time crews were working over occupied space. Western sequenced the removal of existing roofing material so that they could remove, clean, and install new roofing material daily to keep the museum dry during construction.
Testing was a daily requirement during the waterproofing installation. Crews were required to complete a pull test every 500 square feet and take moisture readings every 100 square feet. Daily observation reports had to be completed during the waterproofing application, with all testing results and location tests documented along with weather conditions. Additionally, crews took 50 photos daily to document the testing and work area.
Construction on the Arch grounds began in August 2013, while renovations to the museum and visitor center began in April 2015. The improved underground Museum of Westward Expansion is expected to be finished by summer 2018.