New Protocol, NSF P453, Takes Aim At Legionellosis

NSF International has developed guidance on treatment, operation, and maintenance of cooling tower water systems to help protect health of building occupants.

Global public health organization NSF International has published a new protocol as part of its plan to improve building water health — NSF P453: Cooling Towers – Treatment, Operation, and Maintenance to Prevent Legionellosis. This protocol outlines proper maintenance and safety practices associated with evaporative cooling systems. It also addresses health concerns associated with commercial buildings, including health care facilities, whose residents may experience health issues such as Legionellosis from improperly maintained water systems.cooling towers

“According to the Centers of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 5,000 cases of Legionnaires’ disease are reported each year in the United States, which unfortunately include some deaths,” said Dave Purkiss, general manager, Water Systems, NSF International. “Legionella bacteria are found naturally in fresh water environments, like lakes and streams, but can quickly become a health concern due to lack of proper treatment, operation and maintenance in building water systems and cooling towers.”

The new NSF P453 protocol establishes effective monitoring and cleanliness plans to improve building water health and reduce the number of illnesses and deaths caused by these dangerous bacteria. The protocol uses the water safety plan approach recommended by the World Health Organization (WHO) to assemble a team, identify potential hazards, and establish control measures to prevent the growth of Legionella bacteria. The protocol can be used by facilities to establish a management plan for the treatment, operation, and maintenance of cooling tower water systems.

NSF P453 allows owners and facility managers who operate buildings with cooling tower water systems to create an easy-to-follow, actionable plan with specific means and methods to manage the risk of Legionnaires’ disease. It complies with the New York City and state regulations for cooling towers, which were developed in response to the Legionnaires’ disease outbreak in the summer of 2015. Although cooling towers are not regulated beyond New York state, NSF P453 can be applied across the United States to address the risk of Legionellosis and other diseases associated with cooling tower water systems.

This protocol was developed with input from various industry organizations and included a public review comment period.